Penal Code in Turkey

Penal Code in Turkey

All citizens are interested in knowing its articles, clauses, and how to apply it, and each article of this law is specialized in clarifying the penalty for a particular crime, or a violation that is not approved by law, and considers it something worthy of punishment, and the penalty is in proportion to the crime that was committed, and of course the The penal code in all countries is similar in the crimes that it does not accept, but the punishment varies according to the country, and our talk today will be about violations in Turkey and the punishment assigned to it by the Penal Code.


Penal Code in Turkey

The penal code in these countries is concerned with preserving Turkey's entity in the first place. Despite this, the state guarantees its citizens the right to express their opinions, and they are absolutely free to live, dress and work, as long as this does not conflict with Turkey's dignity.

This law does not tolerate any legal violation that affects the state of Turkey from near or far, and all its citizens know that the state is above everyone, and this is not considered a bad thing, because the dignity of a citizen is part of the dignity of his state, and if his state is insulted, the insult will extend to him as well.

Likewise, when one of the perpetrators defames a safe citizen, it is also not accepted by Turkish law, because no creature has the right to harm another citizen unjustly.


Punishment for wife beating in Turkey

Turkish law was keen to impose its protection on any weak citizen, especially women, to the extent that it did not allow a man to insult and beat his wife, and the matter goes unnoticed.

  • Judicial courts have ruled in hundreds of cases in favor of women who were harmed by their husbands, but the punishment varies, as we mentioned earlier, depending on the circumstances of the case and the extent of the damage inflicted on the wife.
  • But the provisions regarding such cases are usually deterrent, and this is because of the incidents of domestic violence that women in Turkey are exposed to frequently.
  • The penalty for wife-beating in the Penal Code in Turkey may include rigorous imprisonment, with the payment of a fine.


Article 301 of the Penal Code of Turkey

This article is called the “insulting Turkish identity” law, and in fact it is an article that aroused great controversy around it, but it was established to protect Turkish nationalism from insult, and not to allow anyone to insult the state of Turkey, or its governmental institutions.

This article was applied in 2005, and was amended in 2008, and the main paragraph in that part of the law is not to prejudice Turkish dignity.

Because of this article, more than 60 lawsuits were filed, and then they gained everyone's attention, and became the focus of attention.


Punishment for theft in Turkish law

The punishment for theft is divided into several things, which are clarified by the Penal Code in Turkey, and according to the amount of theft, the sentence is taken.

But on the whole, Turkish law does not forgive the perpetrators of theft, especially since the Turkish people are very proud of their honor and principles.


How long is a thief jailed in Turkey?

As for the period specified as a punishment for the crime of theft, it is not specified, but the punishment is imprisonment, and the number of years is as follows:

  • From one to three years: This is the punishment for petty theft.
  • 3 to 7 years imprisonment: for the major crimes of theft.
  • As for the prison term from 5 to 12 years: it is a punishment for criminals who have committed the following crimes:
    • If a citizen steals gas or liquid energy utilities, then treats them, transfers them, and stores them illegally.
    • And if the perpetrator of the incident is proven to have committed theft more than once, such as stealing a chain of stores, or hijacking women's handbags.
  • Among the factors affecting the tightening of the sentence for theft crimes in the Penal Code in Turkey is the prior planning, the deliberate act of the crime, and the frequent monitoring of the victim before committing the theft.
  • But in general, the judge has the right to decide on these cases according to what he sees as provisions that are appropriate to the simplicity or ugliness of the crime.


Punishment for electronic fraud in Turkish law

In the current era, all the services around us have turned into digital services, and with a click of your phone, you can complete many procedures that cost you physical and psychological fatigue, due to the difficulty of the procedures.

  • Despite the advantages of technological development, some unscrupulous people commit many fraud crimes via the Internet.
  • This is called electronic fraud, and in the Turkish Penal Code there is a section on this crime, and it is dealt with immediately.
  • Even the cybercrime police track any crime that appears on social media, search for the perpetrators and apply the appropriate punishment on the spot.
  • And electronic fraud, such as extorting another person to obtain sums of money from him, or deceiving citizens of a fictitious project, or an unreal commodity in order to unfairly withdraw money from them.
  • As for the penalty for electronic fraud, after the discovery of the offender, the matter ends with imprisonment.


The penalty for cyber threat in the Penal Code in Turkey

One of the harassment experienced by some people on the Internet is that a person sends messages of intimidation and threat to the person's personal accounts through websites.

  • If the issue is relatively simple, the judge is satisfied with fining the offender financially, and imprisoning him for several years.
  • But the punishment is much more severe than that when the victim is a child, or when the blackmailer threatened person works in a government position that helped him penetrate the accounts of others and threaten their national security.
  • One of the tips that the elimination of it stresses is that the victim keep evidence of the crime, such as messages he received on his private email, or a recording of phone calls.
  • One of the things that makes it difficult for the law to achieve justice is that the account is false, and the person who threatens and blackmails others is outside Turkey.


Punishment for murder in Turkey

It may happen that a person intentionally kills another, as it is said in Egyptian law, with premeditation, the penalty may reach the death penalty.

  • Especially when the killer mutilates the corpse, or tortures the victim for a while and then kills her.
  • Like that crime in which a man sexually raped a girl, then tortured and killed her, and then only felt the same as not cutting her body into pieces using a knife.


Punishment for quarrels in the Penal Code of Turkey

Like other laws, Turkish law is keen on spreading peace and tranquility among citizens, and it does not allow at all to erupt disputes and quarrels between its citizens.

  • Therefore, the penalty for the quarrel is according to the physical damage caused to the other during those quarrels.
  • For example, if it was a minor quarrel, the policeman would keep the offender for a day or a few days at most.
  • However, if the quarrel resulted in physical injuries to the other party, the period of imprisonment may be slightly longer.
  • In the event that the quarrel was severe, and resulted in a permanent disability for the victim, here the prison term ranged from one year or more, depending on the severity of the damage.


We talked about the Penal Code in Turkey and how the laws everywhere aim to prevent the perpetrator from running out of punishment, and all this happens so that chaos does not prevail in the country, which is exactly what this Turkish law seeks to achieve, that innocent citizens enjoy safety in their homeland, and not condone criminals .